Winning Chess Tactics 学习笔记

Published on 2020 - 05 - 18

by Yasser Seirawan and Jeremy Silman

Jeremy Silman 曾经获得美国青少年的全国冠军,写的书也非常浅显易懂,适合不同等级的棋手和爱好者,介绍了 tactics 和 组合,还介绍了一些伟大的 tactician,对于初学者来说,tactics更容易入门学习,而且 tactician 的对局更加精彩,好看,唯一的遗憾是书中的棋局有些模糊不清,不过很多可以在 chessgames.com 找到,

Tactics

Tactics are maneuvers that take advantage of short-term opportunities.
Google翻译:策略是利用短期机会的策略。

Combinations

A combination is a sacrifice combined with aforced sequence of moves, which exploits specific peculiarities of the position in the hope of attaining a certain goal.
Google 翻译:
组合是一种牺牲,加上一系列强制性的动作,这些动作利用了特定的位置特质,以期实现某个目标。

Recognizing Tactics and Combinations 识别Tactics 和 Combinations

Grandmaster YuriAverbakh and International MasterJeremy Silman, have written extensively on tactics and combinations.Averbakh's _Tactics for the Advanced Player_ (Sporverlag Berlin, 1986) and Silman's _Howto Reassess YourChess_ (DavenportThinkers' Press, 1986), suggest useful shortcuts that make it easier to recognize situations where tactics and combinations might exist Let's look at some of these authors' theories.

Averbakh's Rules of Recognition

Averbakh considers that almost all combinations are based in some way on a double attack: 双击

If we regard the term "double attack" in a broader sense than has been done up to now by theoreticians, namely not merely as a two-pronged attack but as a combination of attacks and threats, we notice that the double attack in one form or another is the basis of most tactical operations.
At first I didn't want to agree with such a simplified view, but the more I thought about it, the more sensible Averbakh's theory sounded. The double attack is tremendously important, and I recommend that you spend a good deal of time going over the examples ofdouble attacks in ChapterTwo. Once you have mastered the material there and have moved on, you will notice that the combinations in later chapters also involve double attacks, which seems to confirm Averbakh's theory.

Silman's Rules of Recognition

Silman insists that combinations cannot exist without one or more of the following present: 没有以下一个或多个情况,不会有 combinations

  • A weakened (or open) King. 一个弱的或开放的王 When a King has poor pawn cover, has no defenders, or is otherwise weak, a combination is prob ably in the works.
  • Undefended pieces (not pawns). **未受保护的子 **Any unguarded piece is sub ject to destruction by a double attack or fork.
  • Inadequately guarded pieces. 未受充分保护的子 Such a piece appears to be safe, but a sudden double attack can place the piece in jeopardy by adding another attacker.

The Double Attack

  • Discovered attacks
  • Forks
  • Attacks by a pawn

Discovered Attacks

A discovered attack is essentially an ambush 伏击. Here's a general definition:
A Queen, Rook, or Bishop lies in wait so that it can attack when another piece or pawn ofits own color moves out ofits way.

Discovered Checks

The most effective type of discovered attack involves checking the enemy King.

One of the guiding strategic principles of chess is

Whenyou are ahead in material, it is a good idea to make even trades.
如果你子力上有优势,等价的兑子是个好主意。

_Don't leave your stuff unprotected. It might get chopped off!_

Double Checks

自己找一些题来测试一下,书中的图片太模糊。

Forks

Knight Forks

Knight can never attack squares of two different colors at the same time. 骑士不能一次攻击两个不同的颜色子力。
A fork that attacks the King and the Queen is called a royal fork
Knight phobic 骑士恐惧。

Bishop Forks

Rook Forks

Queen Forks

King Forks

Forks as Combinations

大部分国际象棋的技能是模式识别,基本的tactics和它的变化你能掌握,再加上灵活的组合。就能击败对手。
A large part of chess skill is pattern recognition, and as you become more ac quainted with the basic tactical forms, you'll find it easier to create combina tions. The trick is to isolate and understand the various types oftactics. Only then will you be able to put them all together to razzle-dazzle your stunned opponent.

This game teaches an important lesson:

Ne v e r c h e c k j u s t b e c a u s e y o u c a n . B e s u re t h a t y o u g a i n fro m m a k i n g
a check, not your opponent.

Double Attacks by a Pawn

Pawn Forks

Discovered Attacks with Pawns

Chapter Three

The Pin

When you attack a piece that your opponent cannot move without losing a different piece of greater value, you are pinning the first piece. When the piece of greater value is the King, this tactic is called an absolute pin; when it is not the King, the tactic is called a relative pin.

The pin is one of the most common tactics used in chess, so you should study it very carefully. Bear in mind that any piece is vulnerable to a pin, but only a Queen. Bishop. or Rook can do the pinning-a King, Knight, or pawn can only play the victim.

Absolute Pins

The moral:
Look carefully beforeyou take any “free" gifts from your opponent. He may have prepared a clever trap!

Relative Pins

  • it's clear that the hold of the relative pin cannot be taken for granted. Never assume that the pinned piece won't move.
  • The relative pin is most successful when an important piece is immedi ately threatened.
  • Another advantage of the pinning tactic comes about when the defending player is unable to break the pin.
  • when a pin is working, look for ways to increase the pressure on the target. You may not be able to find any, but the possibility should always be considered.

Chapter Four The Skewer 用串肉扦串

Askewer has been likened to a pin in reverse. With a pin, the attacker's objective is to win the pinned piece or the more valuable piece behind it With a skewer, the attacker's objective is to
threaten a valuable piece so that it is forced to move, allowing the capture of a piece behind it

Chapter Five King Tactics and Combinations

So we have a moral here:
If you are in real trouble but notice thatyour King has no moves, cheer up and lookfor a stalemate!
如果对局陷入真实的麻烦,想办法无棋可动而和棋。
换个方向,如果你对局优势明显,还是要提高警惕,避免对手无棋可动而和棋。
This moral has a flip side:
Ifyou are mashing your opponent and expect him to resign at any moment, don'tfall asleep! Be vigilant, or you might be surprised by a game-saving stalemate.

Perpetual Check 重复将军

重复3次同样的将军可以声明和棋。
exact same positions three times, the game is called a three time repetition of position and is declared a draw.

Destroying the King’s Cover

当国王只有很少的地方可走,是非常脆弱的。
When your King is stalemated or has few moves available, a warning light should start flashing in your head. A King with limited ability to move is very vulnerable, because any check could easily result in checkmate.

The moral is: 让兵掩护国王,但也要给国王空间。

Try to keep the pawn cover infront of your King intact and be sure your King has room to breathe.

Back Rank Checkmate

Chapter Six Deflection 偏离

Battery on an Open File or Diagonal 开放线和斜线上的排炮

将两只车或一象一后放到相同的线上,将对对手沉重的打击。 称为 creating a battery,排炮

Playing Down an Open File

When both players have pawns on the same file, the file is closed. When no pawns are on a file, the file is open. And when only one player's pawn is on a file, the file is half-open.
7th rank is usually the Rook's stron gest position and is sometimes referred to as the "refreshment rank." A Rook on the 7th rank refreshes itself by munching on enemy pawns while simultaneously eyeing the enemy King.
在第七行的车是最强的,吃对方的兵,威胁对方的王。

两只车在第七行称为“第七行的猪”

As strong as a Rook on the 7th rank is, doubled Rooks on the 7th are even stronger. Often called pigs on the 7th,

The domination of files by dou bling Rooks on them is considered a strategy rather than a tactic. A Russian children's rhyme goes:

It's very pradical butjust not tactical!

Chapter 8 The Power of Pawns 兵的力量

The legendary Grandmaster Aaron Nimzovich called this activity

“the pawn's lust to expand."

Chapter 9 The Decoy 诱饵

为了让对方的棋子到某个位置,用自己的棋子引诱或迫使对方达到的方式,比如你的马可以将军,你就要等待对方的棋子到马可以捉双将军时候再将军。

Chapter 10 Clearance Sacrifice 清除牺牲

我们知道每个子力都有价值,但有时为了到达某个位置吃对方的子,或者将军,先放弃掉自己的子力,来达到目的。

Chapter 11 X-Ray and windmill

无效的保护和大风车

Chapter 12 Zwischenzug

Zwischenzug is a Gennan word that means an in-between move. In American parlance, zwischenzug has become intermezzo (intermediate) , zwishy, and the like.
Well, zwischenzugs are the unexpected retorts of chess. Usually
(but not always) , zwischenzugs are checks.

Chapter 13 Other Kinds of Draws

没有人能一直赢,当情况变糟时候,和棋也不错。
The late American Grandmaster Sammy Reshevsky gave this simple advice about the best attitude to take in a seemingly hopeless situation:
Sit tight and hope for a blunder.

Perpetual Pursuits 重复局面

three repeti tion rule:
A draw is declared ifthe identical position is repeated three times.

Building a Fortress 建立要塞

Material Imbalances That Lead to a Draw

Part 2

Great Tacticians and Their Games

the men considered to be the greatest tacticians of all time.

Chapter 14 Adolf Anderssen

(1818-1879)
one of the greatest combina
tive players of all time
https://www.chessgames.com/perl/chessplayer?pid=10342

[Event "Barmen"]
[Site "Barmen GER"]
[Date "1869.??.??"]
[EventDate "?"]
[Round "?"]
[Result "1-0"]
[White "Adolf Anderssen"]
[Black "Johannes Zukertort"]
[ECO "C51"]
[WhiteElo "?"]
[BlackElo "?"]
[PlyCount "57"]

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4 Bxb4 5.c3 Ba5 6.d4 exd4 7.O-O
Bb6 8.cxd4 d6 9.d5 Na5 10.Bb2 Ne7 11.Bd3 O-O 12.Nc3 Ng6 13.Ne2
c5 14.Qd2 f6 15.Kh1 Bc7 16.Rac1 Rb8 17.Ng3 b5 18.Nf5 b4 19.Rg1
Bb6 20.g4 Ne5 21.Bxe5 dxe5 22.Rg3 Rf7 23.g5 Bxf5 24.exf5 Qxd5
25.gxf6 Rd8 26.Rcg1 Kh8 27.fxg7+ Kg8 28.Qh6 Qd6 29.Qxh7+ 1-0
Two such games were dubbed "The Immortal Game" and "The Evergreen Game."

The Immortal Game

Anderssen-Kieseritzky
London, 1 851

[Event "London"]
[Site "London ENG"]
[Date "1851.06.21"]
[EventDate "?"]
[Round "?"]
[Result "1-0"]
[White "Adolf Anderssen"]
[Black "Lionel Adalbert Bagration Felix Kieseritzky"]
[ECO "C33"]
[WhiteElo "?"]
[BlackElo "?"]
[PlyCount "45"]

1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Bc4 Qh4+ 4.Kf1 b5 5.Bxb5 Nf6 6.Nf3 Qh6
7.d3 Nh5 8.Nh4 Qg5 9.Nf5 c6 10.g4 Nf6 11.Rg1 cxb5 12.h4 Qg6
13.h5 Qg5 14.Qf3 Ng8 15.Bxf4 Qf6 16.Nc3 Bc5 17.Nd5 Qxb2 18.Bd6
Bxg1 {It is from this move that Black's defeat stems. Wilhelm
Steinitz suggested in 1879 that a better move would be
18... Qxa1+; likely moves to follow are 19. Ke2 Qb2 20. Kd2
Bxg1.} 19. e5 Qxa1+ 20. Ke2 Na6 21.Nxg7+ Kd8 22.Qf6+ Nxf6
23.Be7# 1-0

In those days, players often brought out two or three pieces and then started to attack Now players give more thought to controlling the center and the deployment of all their forces.

White has sacrificed his Queen, both Rooks, and a Bishop to obtain a pure minor piece checkmate.

The Evergreen Game

Anderssen-Dufresne
Berlin, 1 852

[Event "Berlin"]
[Site "Berlin GER"]
[Date "1852.??.??"]
[EventDate "?"]
[Round "?"]
[Result "1-0"]
[White "Adolf Anderssen"]
[Black "Jean Dufresne"]
[ECO "C52"]
[WhiteElo "?"]
[BlackElo "?"]
[PlyCount "47"]

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4 Bxb4 5.c3 Ba5 6.d4 exd4 7.O-O
d3 8.Qb3 Qf6 9.e5 Qg6 10.Re1 Nge7 11.Ba3 b5 12.Qxb5 Rb8 13.Qa4
Bb6 14.Nbd2 Bb7 15.Ne4 Qf5 16.Bxd3 Qh5 17.Nf6+ gxf6 18.exf6
Rg8 19.Rad1 Qxf3 20.Rxe7+ Nxe7 21.Qxd7+ Kxd7 22.Bf5+ Ke8
23.Bd7+ Kf8 24.Bxe7# 1-0

Chapter 15 Paul Morphy

(1837-1884)

That year-1857-it
so happened that the American Chess Congress was held in New York. Morphy's stunning victory at the Congress was followed by a triumphant European tour, culminating in his match win over Anderssen. Morphy returned to the United States in 1859 universally acclaimed as the best player in the world. Sadly, he played no serious chess for the rest of his life and was beset by mental problems in his later years.

Why was Morphy so much better at chess than everyone else? He was a great tactician, but no more so than Adolf Anderssen. What made him invincible was his understanding of some modern chess principles. He attacked only after he had developed all his forces, and he fought like a tiger for control of the center.

After losing to Morphy, Anderssen wrote:
He who plays with Morphy must abandon all hope of catching him in a trap, no matter how cunningly laid, but must assume that it is so clear to Morphy that there can be no question of a false step.

Morphy-Duke of Braunschweig and Count lsouard,

Paris, 1858
[Event "Paris"]
[Site "Paris FRA"]
[Date "1858.??.??"]
[EventDate "?"]
[Round "?"]
[Result "1-0"]
[White "Paul Morphy"]
[Black "Duke Karl / Count Isouard"]
[ECO "C41"]
[WhiteElo "?"]
[BlackElo "?"]
[PlyCount "33"]

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 Bg4 {This is a weak move
already.--Fischer} 4.dxe5 Bxf3 5.Qxf3 dxe5 6.Bc4 Nf6 7.Qb3 Qe7
8.Nc3 c6 9.Bg5 {Black is in what's like a zugzwang position
here. He can't develop the [Queen's] knight because the pawn
is hanging, the bishop is blocked because of the
Queen.--Fischer} b5 10.Nxb5 cxb5 11.Bxb5+ Nbd7 12.O-O-O Rd8
13.Rxd7 Rxd7 14.Rd1 Qe6 15.Bxd7+ Nxd7 16.Qb8+ Nxb8 17.Rd8# 1-0

Rudolf Spielmann

(1883-1942)
Reuben Fine once wrote that Spielmann's main concern in life, apart from chess, was to accumulate enough money to buy limitless quantities of beer!

Spielmann vs Flamberg, 1914 1-0
[Event "Mannheim"]
[Site "Mannheim GER"]
[Date "1914.07.20"]
[EventDate "1914.07.20"]
[Round "1"]
[Result "1-0"]
[White "Rudolf Spielmann"]
[Black "Alexander Flamberg"]
[ECO "C29"]
[WhiteElo "?"]
[BlackElo "?"]
[PlyCount "29"]

  1. e4 e5 2. Nc3 Nf6 3. f4 d5 4. fxe5 Nxe4 5. Nf3 Bg4 6. Qe2

Nc5 7. d4 Bxf3 8. Qxf3 Qh4+ 9. g3 Qxd4 10. Be3 Qxe5 11. O-O-O
c6 12. Nxd5 cxd5 13. Rxd5 Qe6 14. Bc4 Qe4 15. Bxc5 1-0

Rudolf Spielmann vs Rudolf L'Hermet
1927

[Event "25. DSB Kongress"]
[Site "Magdeburg GER"]
[Date "1927.07.20"]
[EventDate "?"]
[Round "4"]
[Result "1-0"]
[White "Rudolf Spielmann"]
[Black "Rudolf L'Hermet"]
[ECO "C10"]
[WhiteElo "?"]
[BlackElo "?"]
[PlyCount "47"]

  1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. Nc3 dxe4 4. Nxe4 Nd7 5. Nf3 Ngf6 6. Nxf6+

Nxf6 7. Bd3 h6 8. Qe2 Bd6 9. Bd2 O-O 10. O-O-O Bd7 11. Ne5 c5

  1. dxc5 Bxe5 13. Qxe5 Bc6 14. Bf4 Qe7 15. Qd4 Rfd8 16. Bd6

Qe8 17. Rhg1 b6 18. Qh4 bxc5 19. Be5 Qe7 20. g4 c4 21. g5 Nd7

  1. Qxh6 gxh6 23. gxh6+ Kf8 24. Rg8+ 1-0

Frank Marshall

(1887-1944)
US Chanpion from 1909 to 1935

The Pipe Game

Marshall-A. Bum
Paris, 1 900
[Event "Paris"]
[Site "Paris FRA"]
[Date "1900.06.12"]
[EventDate "1900.??.??"]
[Round "14"]
[Result "1-0"]
[White "Frank James Marshall"]
[Black "Amos Burn"]
[ECO "D55"]
[WhiteElo "?"]
[BlackElo "?"]
[PlyCount "35"]

1.d4 {Notes by Marshall. Britisher Amos Burn was a very
conservative player who liked to settle down for a long
session of closed, defensive chess. He loved to smoke his pipe
while he studied the board.} d5 2.c4 e6 {Burn began hunting
through his pockets for his pipe and tobacco. } 3.Nc3 Nf6
4.Bg5 Be7 {Not much thought needed on these moves, but Burn
had his pipe out and was looking for a pipe cleaner.} 5.e3 O-O
6.Nf3 b6 7.Bd3 Bb7 8.cxd5 exd5 { He began filling up his
pipe. I speeded up my moves.} 9.Bxf6 Bxf6 10.h4 { Made him
think on that one. And he still didn't have the pipe
going. The threat is Bxh7+, Kxh7; Ng5+, known as the Pillsbury
Attack.} g6 11.h5 Re8 12.hxg6 hxg6 { Now he was looking for
matches. } 13.Qc2 Bg7 14.Bxg6 fxg6 { He struck a match and
appeared nervous. The match burned his fingers and went
out. }15.Qxg6 Nd7 {Another match was on its way. } 16.Ng5 Qf6
{ He was puffing away and lighting up at last, but too late. }
17.Rh8+ Kxh8 18. Qh7# { Poor Burn. I think I swindled him out
of that one. If he could only have got that pipe going, it
might have been a different story. He took it good naturedly
and we shook hands. Then his pipe went out. } 1-0

Alexander Alekhine

(1 892-1946)
Alekhine re
alized that tactical ability alone was
not enough to take him to the peak.
By tireless study, Alekhine mastered all phases of the game. He is in many respectstheprototypeofthemodemGrandmaster. Bythoroughlystudying openings and intensely analyzing his opponent's games, Alekhine broke a new trail to greatness that has been followed by many of today's profes sional chess players.
Not a very likeable man, Alekhine was a drunk and a Nazi sympathizer. Nevertheless, he achieved such a high playing level that many chess fans rank him with Capablanca, Lasker, Fischer, and Kasparov as one ofthe five greatest players who ever lived.

Alekhine-0. Chajes Carlsbad,

1911

[Event "Karlsbad"]
[Site "Karlsbad (Karlovy Vary) AUH"]
[Date "1911.09.07"]
[EventDate "1911.08.21"]
[Round "13"]
[Result "1-0"]
[White "Alexander Alekhine"]
[Black "Oscar Chajes"]
[ECO "A13"]
[WhiteElo "?"]
[BlackElo "?"]
[PlyCount "47"]

1.c4 e6 2.e4 c5 3.Nc3 Nc6 4.Nf3 g6 5.d4 cxd4 6.Nxd4 Bg7 7.Ndb5
Be5 8.f4 a6 9.fxe5 axb5 10.Bf4 bxc4 11.Bxc4 Ra5 12.O-O b5
13.b4 Qb6+ 14.Kh1 Nxb4 15.Bxb5 Rxb5 16.Nxb5 Qxb5 17.Rb1 Ba6
18.Qd6 f6 19.Rfc1 Qd3 20.Rxb4 g5 21.Rd4 Qb5 22.a4 Qb7 23.Rc7
Qb1+ 24.Rd1 1-0

R. Reti-Aiekhine

Baden-Baden, 1 925

[Event "Baden-Baden"]
[Site "Baden-Baden GER"]
[Date "1925.04.25"]
[EventDate "1925.04.16"]
[Round "8"]
[Result "0-1"]
[White "Richard Reti"]
[Black "Alexander Alekhine"]
[ECO "A00"]
[WhiteElo "?"]
[BlackElo "?"]
[PlyCount "80"]

  1. g3 e5 2. Nf3 e4 3. Nd4 d5 4. d3 exd3 5. Qxd3 Nf6 6. Bg2

Bb4+ 7. Bd2 Bxd2+ 8. Nxd2 O-O 9. c4 Na6 10. cxd5 Nb4 11. Qc4
Nbxd5 12. N2b3 c6 13. O-O Re8 14. Rfd1 Bg4 15. Rd2 Qc8 16. Nc5
Bh3 17. Bf3 Bg4 18. Bg2 Bh3 19. Bf3 Bg4 20. Bh1 h5 21. b4 a6

  1. Rc1 h4 23. a4 hxg3 24. hxg3 Qc7 25. b5 axb5 26. axb5 Re3
  2. Nf3 cxb5 28. Qxb5 Nc3 29. Qxb7 Qxb7 30. Nxb7 Nxe2+ 31. Kh2

Ne4 32. Rc4 Nxf2 33. Bg2 Be6 34. Rcc2 Ng4+ 35. Kh3 Ne5+

  1. Kh2 Rxf3 37. Rxe2 Ng4+ 38. Kh3 Ne3+ 39. Kh2 Nxc2 40. Bxf3

Nd4 0-1

Black now unleashes a combination of in credible depth. Combinations like this one led Bobby Fischer to call Alekhine "the deepest player that ever lived."

作者的话

An amazing game, and a far cry from the little combinations we are used to seeing from lesser mortals! Such tremendous tactical vision is extremely rare. If you soared like I did when, as a 14-year-old, I saw it for the frrst time, then recounting this great game has been a pleasure for us both. Like a beautiful painting, I have presented this work of art as something to matvel at and enjoy. If this book has helped you unlock the secrets of this combi nation and appreciate it just a little, then I am well pleased.

Alekhine - Em. Lasker

Zürich, 1934

[Event "Zurich"]
[Site "Zurich SUI"]
[Date "1934.07.25"]
[EventDate "1934.07.14"]
[Round "12"]
[Result "1-0"]
[White "Alexander Alekhine"]
[Black "Emanuel Lasker"]
[ECO "D67"]
[WhiteElo "?"]
[BlackElo "?"]
[PlyCount "51"]

1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Nf3 Be7 5.Bg5 Nbd7 6.e3 O-O 7.Rc1
c6 8.Bd3 dxc4 9.Bxc4 Nd5 10.Bxe7 Qxe7 11.Ne4 N5f6 12.Ng3 e5
13.O-O exd4 14.Nf5 Qd8 15.N3xd4 Ne5 16.Bb3 Bxf5 17.Nxf5 Qb6
18.Qd6 Ned7 19.Rfd1 Rad8 20.Qg3 g6 21.Qg5 Kh8 22.Nd6 Kg7 23.e4
Ng8 24.Rd3 f6 25.Nf5+ Kh8 26.Qxg6 1-0

Mikhail Tal

(1936-1992)
reveled in tactical duels and complex combinations.

Botvinnik said:

I was surprised by his ability to figure out complex variations. Then the way he sets out the game; he was not interested in the objectivity of the position, whether it's better or worse, he only needed room for his pieces. All you do then is figure out variations which are extremely difficult. He was tactically outplaying me and I made mistakes:

Did Tal's coronation mean that a new era of attacking play was at hand?
Many players thought so, and some coaches went so far as to insist that
their students play ag and sacrifice whenever possible. As Tal put it

These poor young players must have breathed a sigh of relief when I lost the title back to Botvinnik (in 1961) . Now they could play calm positional chess again!
As we go to press with this book, we are stunned to learn of the death of Mikhail Tal at the age of 55. We are all the poorer for his loss. His games will be his everlasting memorial.(1992)

Tal-Miller

Simu ltaneous

Los Angeles, 1 988

[Event "Simul"]
[Site "Chicago, IL USA"]
[Date "1988.??.??"]
[EventDate "?"]
[Round "?"]
[Result "1-0"]
[White "Mikhail Tal"]
[Black "Jack Miller"]
[ECO "C55"]
[WhiteElo "?"]
[BlackElo "?"]
[PlyCount "65"]

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.d4 d6 5.dxe5 Nxe4 6.Bxf7+ Kxf7
7.Qd5+ Be6 8.Qxe4 Be7 9.O-O d5 10.Qd3 Qd7 11.Re1 Raf8 12.Nc3
Ke8 13.Ng5 Bc5 14.Nxe6 Bxf2+ 15.Kh1 Bxe1 16.Nxf8 Rxf8 17.Bg5
Nb4 18.Qe2 Nxc2 19.e6 Qd6 20.Nb5 Qe5 21.h4 Qg3 22.Rd1 Rf2
23.Qxf2 Bxf2 24.Rxd5 Qxh4+ 25.Bxh4 Bxh4 26.Nxc7+ Kf8 27.Rf5+
Bf6 28.Rd5 a5 29.Rd7 Nb4 30.Rf7+ Kg8 31.Rxf6 Nc6 32.Rf7 g6
33.e7 1-0

Tai-Forbis

Simultaneous

Chicago, 1988

[Event "National Open"]
[Site "Chicago, IL USA"]
[Date "1988.03.??"]
[EventDate "?"]
[Round "?"]
[Result "1-0"]
[White "Mikhail Tal"]
[Black "Robert Forbis"]
[ECO "B77"]
[WhiteElo "?"]
[BlackElo "?"]
[PlyCount "59"]

1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 g6 6.Be3 Bg7 7.f3
Nc6 8.Qd2 O-O 9.Bc4 Nd7 10.h4 Nb6 11.Bb3 Na5 12.h5 Nbc4 13.Qe2
Nxe3 14.Qxe3 Nxb3 15.axb3 Bd7 16.O-O-O e6 17.f4 Qb6 18.f5 gxf5
19.exf5 Kh8 20.Rhf1 Bxd4 21.Rxd4 e5 22.Qh6 Qxd4 23.Qf6+ Kg8
24.Nd5 Rfe8 25.Qg5+ Kh8 26.h6 e4 27.f6 Rg8 28.Qg7+ Rxg7
29.hxg7+ Kg8 30.Ne7# 1-0

Gurgenidze-Tal

Moscow,1957

[Event "USSR Championship"]
[Site "Moscow URS"]
[Date "1957.02.16"]
[EventDate "1957.??.??"]
[Round "18"]
[Result "0-1"]
[White "Bukhuti Gurgenidze"]
[Black "Mikhail Tal"]
[ECO "A78"]
[WhiteElo "?"]
[BlackElo "?"]
[PlyCount "54"]

1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 c5 3.d5 e6 4.Nc3 exd5 5.cxd5 d6 6.Nf3 g6 7.e4
Bg7 8.Be2 O-O 9.O-O Re8 10.Nd2 Na6 11.Re1 Nc7 12.a4 b6 13.Qc2
Ng4 14.h3 Nxf2 15.Kxf2 Qh4+ 16.Kf1 Bd4 17.Nd1 Qxh3 18.Bf3 Qh2
19.Ne3 f5 20.Ndc4 fxe4 21.Bxe4 Ba6 22.Bf3 Re5 23.Ra3 Rae8
24.Bd2 Nxd5 25.Bxd5+ Rxd5 26.Ke2 Bxe3 27.Rxe3 Bxc4+ 0-1

Garry Kasparov

(1963-
Born in Baku, Azerbaijan
won the title form Karpov in 195 at just 22 years of age!
reincarnation of Alexander Alekhine

Hubner-Kasparov

Hamburg, 1 985

Match Game 1

[Event "Match"]
[Site "Hamburg FRG"]
[Date "1985.05.??"]
[EventDate "?"]
[Round "1"]
[Result "0-1"]
[White "Robert Huebner"]
[Black "Garry Kasparov"]
[ECO "A21"]
[WhiteElo "?"]
[BlackElo "?"]
[PlyCount "56"]

1.c4 e5 2.Nc3 d6 3.d4 exd4 4.Qxd4 Nf6 5.g3 Nc6 6.Qd2 Be6 7.Nd5
Ne5 8.b3 Ne4 9.Qe3 Nc5 10.Bb2 c6 11.Nf4 Ng4 12.Qd4 Ne4 13.Bh3
Qa5+ 14.Kf1 Ngxf2 15.Bxe6 fxe6 16.Nxe6 Kd7 17.Nh3 Nxh3 18.Qxe4
Re8 19.Nc5+ Qxc5 20.Qg4+ Kc7 21.Qxh3 Be7 22.Bxg7 Rhf8+ 23.Bxf8
Rxf8+ 24.Ke1 Qf2+ 25.Kd1 Qd4+ 26.Kc2 Qe4+ 27.Kd2 Bg5+ 28.Kc3
Qe5+ 0-1

Kasparov-U. Andersson

Tilburg, 1 981

[Event "Interpolis 5th"]
[Site "Tilburg NED"]
[Date "1981.10.11"]
[EventDate "?"]
[Round "8"]
[Result "1-0"]
[White "Garry Kasparov"]
[Black "Ulf Andersson"]
[ECO "E12"]
[WhiteElo "?"]
[BlackElo "?"]
[PlyCount "59"]

1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 b6 4.a3 Bb7 5.Nc3 Ne4 6.Nxe4 Bxe4 7.Nd2
Bg6 8.g3 Nc6 9.e3 a6 10.b4 b5 11.cxb5 axb5 12.Bb2 Na7 13.h4 h6
14.d5 exd5 15.Bg2 c6 16.O-O f6 17.Re1 Be7 18.Qg4 Kf7 19.h5 Bh7
20.e4 dxe4 21.Bxe4 Bxe4 22.Nxe4 Nc8 23.Rad1 Ra7 24.Nxf6 gxf6
25.Qg6+ Kf8 26.Bc1 d5 27.Rd4 Nd6 28.Rg4 Nf7 29.Bxh6+ Ke8
30.Bg7 1-0

Kasparov-Gheorghiu

Moscow, 1 982

[Event "Moscow Interzonal"]
[Site "Moscow URS"]
[Date "1982.09.22"]
[EventDate "?"]
[Round "12"]
[Result "1-0"]
[White "Garry Kasparov"]
[Black "Florin Gheorghiu"]
[ECO "E12"]
[WhiteElo "?"]
[BlackElo "?"]
[PlyCount "53"]

1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 b6 4.a3 Bb7 5.Nc3 d5 6.cxd5 Nxd5 7.Qc2
c5 8.e4 Nxc3 9.bxc3 Be7 10.Bb5+ Bc6 11.Bd3 Nd7 12.O-O h6
13.Rd1 Qc7 14.d5 exd5 15.exd5 Bxd5 16.Bb5 a6 17.Bf4 Qxf4
18.Bxd7+ Kxd7 19.Rxd5+ Kc7 20.Re1 Bd6 21.Rf5 Qc4 22.Re4 Qb5
23.Rxf7+ Kb8 24.Re6 Rd8 25.c4 Qc6 26.Ne5 Qc8 27.Qb1 1-0

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